Meet Croatian butterflies, their life cycle and threats that endanger them. From more than 17 000 described species of diurnal butterflies worldwide, Europe is home to 576, while in Croatia 197 species can be found. Such a high number of butterfly species in Croatia is a consequence of exceptional habitat diversity.

Why are butterflies important?

Butterflies play a number of roles in the environment. While migrating, these insects provide assistance for genetic variation in the plant species they that they collect nectar from. Butterflies also act as a lower member of the food chain. They are a hearty meal for a number of animals, including birds and mice. As populations of butterfly diminish, so will populations of birds and other animals that rely on them as a food source.



Stričkovac (Vanessa cardui) je prava mala leteća mašina. S lakoćom prelijeće velike udaljenosti nošen neiscrpnim nagonom za razmnožavanjem i naseljavanjem novih područja. Primarno je vezan za toplija i južnija područja Sredozemlja, tijekom ljeta seli se sjevernije pa dospijeva sve do Engleske.



Butterflies can eat anything that can dissolve in water. They mostly feed on nectar from flowers but also eat tree sap, dung, pollen, or rotting fruit. They are attracted to sodium found in saltand sweat. This is why they sometimes even land on people in butterfly parks. Sodium as well as many other minerals is vital for the butterflies reproduction.

*Dear visitors, Considering that lower autumn temperatures do not support the life of European butterflies in the open areas, unfortunately these beautiful creatures cannot be admired outside their season. Despite the lack of butterflies, we invite you to visit our exhibition and learn a lot of interesting facts regarding their life in the natural environment.*