Different ecological conditions (high pressure, low temperature and little food) have brought about a series of adaptations in deep-sea habitats. Organisms living there are characterised by slow growth and metabolism, low population density, low mortality and a long life span.
The deep-sea demersal community in our exhibit is inhabited by crustaceans: the European lobster, the European spiny lobster, the sponge crab, as well as fishes: the brown wrasse, the white trevally and the goldblotch grouper.
Labrus merula Linnaeus, 1758
The male builds a nest and protects the fertilised eggs from numerous predators. ⓘ
Phycis phycis Linnaeus, 1766
It is not commonly found in the northern Adriatic Sea. During the day, it hides in deep and dark cavities, and at night, it becomes an active predator. ⓘ
Spondyliosoma cantharus Linnaeus, 1758
Immediately before spawning, the black seabream males turn blue in colour. ⓘ
Maja squinado Herbst, 1788
In the northern Adriatic, the European spider crabs mate after shedding. They migrate to shallow waters where they form pyramids to protect themselves from predators. ⓘ
Homarus gammarus Linnaeus, 1758
It is the largest crustacean of the Decapoda order with extremely large claws; its left claw is bigger and rounder than the right one. It uses its claws to collect food. ⓘ
Palinurus elephas Fabricius, 1787
Unlike the European lobster, the European spiny lobster does not have developed claws. It has two pairs of antennae on its head, which it uses as sensory organs (they collect information about its surroundings). ⓘ